Bakers Cyst

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INJURY TITLE

Bakers Cyst

 

INJURY OVERVIEW

A chronic gathering of fluid that is pushed to the back of the knee secondary to arthritic conditions and cartilage tears.

 

INJURY IN-DEPTH INFORMATION

When the knee undergoes damage or degeneration, there can be an increase of fluid inside the joint.  This increase in fluid causes an increase in pressure and some of the fluid can be pressed toward the back of the knee joint.  At the back of the knee joint inbetween the attachments of the calf muscles the joint casing has a small hole.  When there is sufficient pressure, fluid can be pushed through here (like it’s a one way valve).  This can lead to a lump formation on the back of the knee joint

 

COMMON SIGNS & SYMPTOMS

  • Not necessarily painful
  • Can lead to reduced knee bending
  • If the lump is large enough it can lead to pain and decrease function
  • Increase in pressure in the knee on bending

 

HOW IS IT ASSESSED

  • Clinical assessment to address any other problems in the knee (cartilage damage/ arthritis)

 

 

 

GENERAL TREATMENT

  • Can be left alone if the cyst causes no significant problems
  • Can be drained by injection therapy.

 

Exercise Videos: i.e.

  • Rotator cuff strengthening
  • Pec stretch
  • etc

 

WHICH HEALTH PROFESSIONAL TO CONSULT

PHYSIO     

MEDIC     

PODIATRY     

Put an ‘X’ next to each health professional that most commonly deals with this injury.

i.e. tennis elbow would be Physio and Medic as injections are common, whereas for muscular LBP it would be Physio and not Medic as they would just refer them to a Physio.

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