Hamstring Strains

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INJURY TITLE

Hamstring Strains

 

INJURY OVERVIEW

Frequently common in any sport that requires sprinting, hamstring strains continue to be one of the most common reasons for absence from sport, despite the prevalence of focused stretching and strengthening programs

 

INJURY IN-DEPTH INFORMATION

The forces that the hamstring has to deal with can increase beyond what they can reasonably cope with.  This could be as the rest of your technique is improving to the point that you feel ready to progress but the hamstrings cannot respond as well.   Problems in the way that signals from the brain are sent to the hamstrings can leave them vulnerable to strains. 

 

The hamstrings are living tissue that respond to there everyday environment.  At this the point at which a strain may occur can vary from time to time.  For example, at the beginning of the season when training is hard, the hamstrings may not be as responsive as they were at the end of the previous season.  This can leave them at risk of strains and tears.

 

COMMON SIGNS & SYMPTOMS

  • Pain locally over the back of the thigh
  • Inability to accelerate or slow down without pain
  • Pain on palpation of the muscles on the back of the thigh
  • A limp may be present due to the hamstrings uses during walking.  If it is injured then there will be a deficit in its function.

 

HOW IS IT ASSESSED

  • Clinical examination focused on hamstring strength (comparing sides) and function
  • Ultra sound scanning may be required if a tear is suspected.

 

 

 

GENERAL TREATMENT

  • Relative rest, Ice, Elevation is required for acute injuries
  • Relevant medication should also be prescribes to help with pain and inflammation management
  • Progressive strengthening as pain allows
  • Manual therapy including massage can help with the healing process too.

 

Exercise Videos: i.e.

  • Rotator cuff strengthening
  • Pec stretch
  • etc

 

WHICH HEALTH PROFESSIONAL TO CONSULT

PHYSIO     X

MEDIC     

PODIATRY     

Put an ‘X’ next to each health professional that most commonly deals with this injury.

i.e. tennis elbow would be Physio and Medic as injections are common, whereas for muscular LBP it would be Physio and not Medic as they would just refer them to a Physio.

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